What are limits of NTFS?

Maximum volume size

Actually, it depends on implementations. Theoretical limits are unimaginable today, but in a few decades they can easily become usual, we've seen that kind of jokes before. Currently, as implemented in Windows XP Professional, with 64 KB clusters we can create volumes as large as 256 Terabytes. If we use the default 4 KB clusters, the resulting maximum volume will be around 16 Terabytes. The limit for bootable partitions is around 2 Terabytes, but it can be extended.

Maximum file size

Theoretically it is around 16 Exabytes, but for now only 16 Terabyte files are allowed.

Maximum filename length

255 symbols. Some filenames can't be used as they are reserved for system purposes.

Maximum path length

An absolute path can contain up to 32767 characters, but a relative path is limited to 255 characters.

Maximum date

Don't forget to upgrade to another file system close to this date! Otherwise you will return into January 1, 1601 without knowing it.

The exact day is May 28, 60056.


Create a Disk Image

You can start recovering lost or deleted files directly from the affected drive. However, the file recovery process may take some time, and it is not always possible to avoid using the drive in question...

Search By Signatures

When you delete a file, its entry in Master File Table (MFT) is marked as free and can be overwritten at any moment. Once that happens, all information about the file is lost, including its ...

Drive Letters and Mount Points

Windows traditionally uses drive letters to enable access to local or network drives. For example, the "A:" and "B:" letters used to refer to floppy drives ...

Preview Deleted Files

Advanced NTFS Recovery includes a feature that allows previewing deleted files in various popular formats. The supported formats include MS Office documents, images, videos, audio files ...

NTFS Hard Links

NTFS is a pretty advanced file system with a number of interesting features. In this article, we will take a look at one of such interesting features ...

Recover Deleted Files

The problem of lost or mistakenly deleted files is quite common. Even if you backup your most important files frequently ...

More articles...